Writing an Annotated Bibliography
What is an Annotated Bibliography?
- A bibliography is a list of accurate citations for a number of sources on a certain topic.
- An annotation is a short description and evaluation of a source that helps someone decide whether or not the source might be useful for specific research.
So, an Annotated Bibliography is a combination of the above: a list of accurate citations and annotations for a number of sources on a certain topic.
What needs to be included?
- Good sources! What makes a source good depends on your topic but also on the scholarly value and relevance of the source. Wondering if your source is good enough? Make sure it passes the CRAP test!
- A complete citation for each of your sources. Make sure you are using the correct citation style (MLA 7) and list them in alphabetical order. Questions? Look on the Citing Sources page or ask a librarian!
- A complete annotation for each source. This includes, in your own words:
- Summary of the source--What is this source about?
- Evaluation of the source--How do you know that this source is "good"?
- Relevance to your topic--Why is this source valuable to your research?
- Requirements of the assignment. Read the assignment. Your professor will have specific things they are looking for. Make sure you know what they are. And if you aren't sure, ask your professor.
This sounds like a lot! Where can I get help?
- Visit this page on Evaluating Sources for some of the questions to ask about your sources and their value to your project.
- Look at some examples of what a finished annotation looks like:
When in doubt, ask for help! Ask your professor about the assignment and remember you can always ask a librarianfor help finding sources!