What is FERPA?

The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) of 1974 is a federal law designed to protect the confidentiality of student education records. FERPA gives control of these records to parents until a student turns 18 or enrolls in an institution of higher education as which point, the rights transfer to the student.

The student’s primary rights are:

  • the right to inspect and review their education record;
  • the right to seek to amend their education record; and
  • the right to have some control over the disclosure of information from education records.

Did you know?

While students K-12 are also protected by FERPA regulations, rights and protections are a little different for students age 18 and older. For K-12 students, parents control the access of records. In college, FERPA transfers that control to the student.

Access to Student Records

The privacy protection FERPA gives to students is very broad. With limited exceptions, FERPA regulations give privacy protection to all student education records. According to FERPA law, Champlain College cannot release information regarding these records even to parents without prior consent in writing from the student. Examples of student records entitled to protection under FERPA include:

  • grade reports,
  • transcripts,
  • employment records,
  • health records and
  • most disciplinary files.

Granting Access to Information